I was looking at this book today: Jesus Is Lord, Caesar Is Not: Evaluating Empire in New Testament Studies, and ran across this important point: While the Roman empire was idolatrous, it wasn’t directly what Jesus and his kingship and God’s kingdom come in him were against. Rather, Jesus and God’s kingdom come in him are in opposition to the kingdom of Satan. That is a good point, I think, and I look forward to reading the book.
Some Christian scholars and Christians see the nations and particularly any world power or empire as the enemy which God’s kingdom takes down. And in the end, all nations will be judged, to be sure, in fact likely going through a sort of judgment already. But God’s kingdom come in Jesus could never be a part of this world’s system as say a political party.
But getting to the main point, it would not be a popular one today, even among many Christians. The gospel of Christ is the power of God for salvation to all who believe, freeing us from sin’s penalty and power, and from the kingdom of Satan. We are translated from the kingdom of darkness into the kingdom of God’s dear Son. In and through Christ, we are another entity altogether, not from this world, although for this world.
My guess is that such a stance might comport with a humble participation of Christians in the politics of the world. Maybe that would be a particular calling, and Christians could humbly be salt and light in aspects of it, such as seeking to pass legislation which would help the poor, as well as the unborn, etc. But first and foremost we need to recognize that the battle we’re in is spiritual, and against nothing less than the kingdom of Satan.
In Christ and God’s kingdom come in him, we indeed have the victory. It is a victory through the cross of Jesus, for forgiveness of sins and new life through his resurrection. And in the way of Jesus as God’s resurrection people, the way of the cross. Together in this in Jesus for the world.