I respect those who serve in the military, in fact I take my hats off to them, and to their families. It is a tremendous sacrifice which deserves not only recognition, but honor. These people are in harm’s way with the intent of doing good in securing justice in the world, and often in the most difficult places.
I can hear those who would critique a Christian pacifist stance say something like this: “I respect the pacifist Christian stand, and in life I want to live out that ethic in my relationships with others including enemies, but it is naive to suppose that there is no need to keep order with force in place, or even to have to use that force at times. Well meaning, even commendable, yet naive.”
My answer to that is simple: It is more complex than that. Yes, we’re in an area in which Christians disagree, and although there are probably more Christians than ever who hold to a pacifist Christian position (except per capita, in the earliest centuries of the church before the Constantinian shift), their numbers are still in the minority. There is no doubt that there is a justice that is secured oftentimes through both military and police force. It is inevitably imperfect in this life. But it does secure peace. In large part why I would think that Paul calls for prayer for rulers and all who are in authority. I think of the Roman empire in Paul’s time. Brutal and certainly not in the right always and surely never so perfectly. But keeping the peace and administering justice according to their rule of law and enforcement of that.
But the follower of Jesus is called to something higher, even to a higher form of justice, that no less than of the kingdom of God come in him. That calling is spelled out in detail in Jesus’ Sermon on the Mount. And Jesus lived out what he taught of course to the very end. He loved his enemies and prayed for them. And we are called to follow in his steps. It is the way of the cross in this life, looking to God for a salvation not only for ourselves, but for all in this world even now.
The ethics of God’s kingdom come in Jesus are meant for this life, but in terms of the life to come. It’s as simple as that. What ends up complex and mind boggling is how order is kept in the restraint of evil doers and is called good, while at the same time Christians are called to a higher calling. The way of the cross to the very end, not just for one’s own personal salvation, but in one’s way of life, in all of life. God seems to keep the lid on evil to some extent, through the state. But he calls us who are followers of Jesus to lay down our lives for Jesus and the gospel. As we pray for the day when wars will cease. When sin (including our own) will be gone. And the peace secured by the cross will be the rule. A peace which, however inevitably imperfect our practice of it is now, we are to pursue and live out as lights in this world in and through Jesus.