the justice of the state

Today is Veterans Day in the United States, a day in which we remember and give thanks to those who have sacrificed for their country by serving in the military, all too often at the cost of their lives. My father was in harm’s way in WWII in Germany in a tank. And we all know people and of people who are serving in this way today.

I wonder about the calls I read on the Internet for the state (specifically the United States) to follow the teaching of our Lord in the Sermon on the Mount, teaching which is directed to his disciples and not to the nation states or kingdoms of this world. And I wonder about the call to end all war, how that all war is a waste. It is too bad that violent evildoers in the world who hardly if at all think twice about ending other people’s lives and all too often brutally, pay no attention to such a thought. And it is a viable question: How is their evil going to be dealt with or ended? We may want to follow a couple examples found in the Old Testament when God’s people did not have to fight, but simply waited for the Lord’s intervention which did occur. But by and large the people of God during that time were called by God to participate in physical warfare when threatened. Not so according to the New Testament, arguably, but clearly enough, I believe. At the same time we read these words from Paul:

Let everyone be subject to the governing authorities, for there is no authority except that which God has established. The authorities that exist have been established by God. Consequently, whoever rebels against the authority is rebelling against what God has instituted, and those who do so will bring judgment on themselves. For rulers hold no terror for those who do right, but for those who do wrong. Do you want to be free from fear of the one in authority? Then do what is right and you will be commended. For the one in authority is God’s servant for your good. But if you do wrong, be afraid, for rulers do not bear the sword for no reason. They are God’s servants, agents of wrath to bring punishment on the wrongdoer. Therefore, it is necessary to submit to the authorities, not only because of possible punishment but also as a matter of conscience.

This is also why you pay taxes, for the authorities are God’s servants, who give their full time to governing. Give to everyone what you owe them: If you owe taxes, pay taxes; if revenue, then revenue; if respect, then respect; if honor, then honor.

It is clear then that the state today (albeit with a small sword in the passage just quoted which was used in what we would call today a policing role) has its place in God’s will, provisional for the present time. And that we are to submit to such who remain in that role as well as honor them. Even while I remain a pacifist Christian, not believing that the way of Jesus includes the possibility of such service for his followers. While at the same time certainly acknowledging that many of Christ’s followers have so served.

I don’t agree with all the decisions that the United States has made in terms of war, not that my opinion means all that much. The taking of lives should be truly a last resort; nations ought to be known for their restraint and forbearance, even though there may indeed be the time for war (Ecclesiastes). But we need to give honor to those who have and do serve in that way today.

I am thankful to God for his provision for us through the state. For all who serve in that capacity either in the military or on the police force. Especially to our veterans and to all who with good conscience have so served: Happy Veterans Day.

The followup post: God holds the state accountable (the other side of the coin)