Naturalism is the worldview which purports that everything is explainable in terms of nature, or what can be observed by the scientific method of observation, hypothesis, testing which continues. As valuable as that is to understand what we call the natural world, the understanding is limited. Albeit, it is a fine understanding insofar as it goes, can go and will go in its progression, it simply doesn’t tell the entire story.
One of the basic problems with naturalism is that it can’t begin to explain the something more which makes up human experience. And when it tries to, it’s a reduction which ends up being unable to explain such things as “love, just because.” I’m sure those on that side would resort to a naturalist explanation. But such explanation would arguably fail to take into account other factors, which perhaps can be subjected to such study. And yet may not be completely understood in terms of natural phenomena.
Philosophy surely has value in trying to sort out what happens in the natural world in terms of what and especially why along with how. While science and nature should have an important place in our understanding, I would want to suggest that there is more, much more than what meets the eye.
Faith is not endemic only to religion. It is a part of all of life, including the sciences. Admittedly, science is strictly in terms of what we can see, and trying to better understand and make sense of that. And as such it is truly a fascinating endeavor. But to deny the role of faith that points to something more, which, while in theory, it may all be explainable in natural terms, does not in itself, intrinsic within its discipline, put the matter to rest, except for those who are sold to believe that naturalism is the be all, end all.
We Christians believe that Jesus rose from the dead and that the good news in Jesus is one which, while not at all denying the reality of the natural world, gives the something more which is in step with where many (if not most) of us live. It is a full of a beauty which has within it a hope and love which seem to give meaning to life, contra the Teacher, or Qoheleth in Ecclesiastes. Instead we can rest in the something more, which to those who see life apart from that, is all but lost in their view that in the end, all is meaningless. No. We find meaning because there actually is meaning. And that Meaning has stepped into history, as the Way, the Truth and the Life. The something more that we need.